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Ernst Busch

Foto: Praesens Film AG (P. Gassmann)

1900 - 1980

The actor Ernst Busch was born as Friedrich Wilhelm Ernst Busch in Kiel.
When he finished his education as a tool engineer he began his professional career by the shipyard where he was occupied as a workman.

Finally he decided to follow a complete different path and he took sing and acting lessons. His first stage engagements already followed in 1921, first in his hometown Kiel, later also in Frankfurt and Berlin.
At this time he was active as a singer and actor on stage.

He got his first movie engagement in 1929 for "Katharina Knie" (29) and from 1931 Ernst Busch became a busy movie actor.
To his well-known works of the 30s belong "Die 3 Groschen-Oper" (31), "Gassenhauer" (31), "Kameradschaft" (31), "Die Koffer des Herrn O.F." (31), "Kuhle Wampe oder: Wem gehört die Welt?" (32), "Strafsache van Geldern" (32), "Eine von uns" (32) and "Das Meer ruft" (33).

Like for many other artists the career of the Jew Ernst Busch ended in Germany in 1933. He escaped a threatening imprisonment and he fled together with his wife - the singer Eva Busch - to Holland and later through half of Europe to the Sowjetunion.

There he was able to continue his artistic career. He worked for the radio and he took part in few movies like "Bortsy" (36) and "Kämpfer" (37).
It followed numerous appearances and records as a singer in the still free Europe. But when Germany invaded the Belelux states Ernst Busch was arrested and brought to the detention prison in the south of France.
After a failed attempt to escape he was seriously wounded by a bombing raid to the prison Moabit. But this saved him from the death penalty.

After his release he continued his career in Germany and it also followed again few appearances in front of the camera, among them "Fünf Patronenhülsen" (60), "Mutter Courage und ihre Kinder" (61) and "Goya oder Der arge Weg der Erkenntnis" (71). He was also busy again at the theater.

Privately Ernst Busch was also engaged politically.

Other movies with Ernst Busch:
Das Lied vom Leben (31) Niemandsland (31) Razzia in St. Pauli (32) Die Zwei vom Südexpress (32) Die Ermittlung – Oratorium in 11 Gesängen (66)