1880 - 1975
The composer Robert Stolz was born into a musical family. His father was the composer and music director Jakob Stolz, his mother was the pianist and music teacher Ida Stolz-Bondy.
Therefore it was almost natural that Robert Stolz also entered a musical career. After the state examination for music in 1896 he worked among others as a director of music before he was able to publish his first composition in 1903 - the operetta "Schön Lorchen". Beside it he often worked as a conductor in Berlin and Vienna.
From the 20's he wrote a multitude of compositions, among them his opera "Die Rosen der Madonna" (20), over 40 operettas and about a dozen musicals. He also composed more than 1200 songs and many of them became hits.
He made his film debut as a composer already in 1913 for the movie "Der Millionenonkel", but only with the talkies his music showed to advantage completely. In the next years he wrote the music for German and Austrian productions. To these movies belong "Zwei Herzen im 3/4 Takt" (30), "Hokuspokus" (30), "Das Lied ist aus" (30), "Der Raub der Mona Lisa" (31), "Der Himmel auf Erden" (35), "Konfetti" (36), "Die Austernlilli" (37) and "Zauber der Bohème" (37).
Robert Stolz left Berlin in 1933 in protest against
the Nazis and went to Austria. From there he helped active Jewish fugitives
to flee. Robert Stolz was denaturalized form the German Reich in 1942 and
his property was confiscated.
After the war he returned to Austria where he composed the music for ice revues, musicals and operettas. He also contributed the film music to the post-war Austrian film. To his last cinematical works belong "Anni" (48), "Tanz ins Glück" (51), "Die Deutschmeister" (55) and "Der Kongress amüsiert sich" (65).
For his engagement for the Jews during World War
II he was awarded with the Jerusalem medal in 1971.
Other movies from Robert Stolz (Filmmusic,