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Walter Schulze-Mittendorff

Walter Schulze-Mittendorff

1893 - 1976

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The sculptor, art director and costume designer Walter Schulze-Mittendorff began already in 1907, at the age of 14, a sculptor apprenticeship in the studio of Otto Rossius. After the ending he studied sculpture at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Berlin from 1913. 

After the interruption by World War I he continued his study in 1919 and got at the Academy for fine arts a master studio which he possessed till 1926. In 1920 he got the "Dr. Paul Schultze award for sculpting" and in 1913 the "Award of Rome".

Thanks to his study college and friend, the painter and production designer Robert Herlth, he got in touch with the film business in 1920 and remained true to this medium for many decades. 
Through the support of Herlth Walter Schulze-Mittendorff met the legendary director, who was looking for a sculptor for his movie set for the production "Der müde Tod" (21) with Bernhard Goetzke in the leading role. Walter Schulze-Mittendorff was engaged and proved himself for future cinematical works. Till 1938 he created many impressive sculptures for different movie sets. 

In the next years he was engaged as a sculptor for the movies"Peter der Grosse" (22) with Emil Jannings and Fritz Kortner, "Luise Millerin" (22) with Lil Dagover and Paul Hartmann, "Der Graf von Essex" (22) with Eugen Klöpfer, Fritz Kortner and Erna Morena, "Der Schatz" (23) directed by G.W. Pabst with Albert Steinrück and Werner Krauss, Fritz Lang's monumental film "Die Nibelungen" (24) with Paul Richter and Margarete Schön, "Zur Chronik von Grieshuus" (25) with Lil Dagover and Paul Hartmann and finally Lang's masterpiece "Metropolis" (26) with Brigitte Helm and Gustav Fröhlich.
For the last mentioned movie Walter Schulze-Mittendorff created all sculptures, especially the formidable machine person and the figure group "The Death and the Seven Deadly Sins", but also the head of "Hel" and the "Seven-Head fanciful Animal". 

Walter Schulze-Mittendorff worked together with Fritz Lang for two more movies - "Spione" (28) with Rudolf Klein-Rogge and Gerda Maurus and the sound film "Das Testament des Dr. Mabuse" (32) with Rudolf Klein-Rogge and Otto Wernicke, for which he created the awesome face of Dr. Mabuse. 

He allocated his services as a sculptor a last time for the movies "Amphitryon" (35) with Willy Fritsch and Käthe Gold, "Der Herrscher" (37) with Emil Jannings and Marianne Hopppe, "Der zerbrochene Krug" (37) with Emil Jannings and Friedrich Kayssler and "Der Maulkorb" (38) with Ralph Arthur Roberts and Hilde Weissner.

When Walter Schulze-Mittendorff for the movie "Amphitryon" not only created the sculptors but also the costumes he found a new field of activity and he created other costumes for numerous movies till the end of his film career. 
In 1940 he was officially signed as a costume designer by Terra-Filmkunst Gmbh and he designed the costumes for "Kleider machen Leute" (40), "Rembrandt" (42), "Ein Mann mit Grundsätzen?" (43), "Die Feuerzangenbowle" (44), "Der Engel mit dem Saitenspiel" (44) and "Quax in Afrika" (44).

After World War 2 he continued his film career as a costume designer for the DEFA and worked for the productions "Wozzeck" (47), "Die Buntkarierten" (49), "Der Biberpelz" (49), "Semmelweis - Retter der Mütter" (50), "Das Beil von Wandsbek" (51), "Der Untertan" (51), "Jonny rettet Nebrador" (53), the very successful fairy tale "Die Geschichte vom kleinen Muck" (53), "Ernst Thälmann - Sohn seiner Klasse" (54), "Mutter Courage und ihre Kinder" (55), "Alter Kahn und junge Liebbe" (57) and "Musterknaben" (59).

His last costume designs came in the 60s into being, first for the DEFA. In 1962 the in West Berlin living artist worked as a freelancing costume designer for 18 movie and TV productions.
To his last movies belong "Die seltsame Gräfin" (61), "Rotkäppchen" (62), "Jeder stirbt für sich allein" (62), "Kubinke" (65), "Anastasia" (67) and "Das Schloss" (68).
In 1968 Walter Schulze-Mittendorff retired from the film business and died on August 14, 1976 at the age of 83. 
 

Other movies from Walter Schulze-Mittendorff (Costume designer):
Rosen in Tirol (40) Die schwedische Nachtigall (41) Andreas Schlüter (42) Wenn die Sonne wieder scheint (43) Der verzauberte Taug (44) Die tolle Susanne (45) Die Fledermaus (46) …und wieder 48! (48) Figaros Hochzeit (49) Die blauen Schwerter (49) Der Kahn der fröhlichen Leute (49) Der Rat der Götter (50) Das kalte Herz (50) Karriere in Paris (52) Anna Susanna (53) Der Vogelhändler (53) Leuchtfeuer (54) Ein Polterabend (55) Der Teufel vom Mühlenberg (55) Das Fräulein von Scuderi (55) Thomas Müntzer (56) Das tapfere Schneiderlein (56) Mazurka der Liebe (57) Emilia Galotti (57) Geschwader Fledermaus (58) Der Prozess wird vertagt (58) Kabale und Liebe (59) Fünf Tage – fünf Nächte (61) Drei Kapitel Glück (61) Der Traum des Hauptmann Loy (61) Tanz am Sonnabend – Mord? (62) Die schwarze Galeere (62) Ach, du fröhliche…. (62) Die Rebellion (62) Die Wölfe (63) Die Kammerjungfer (64) Romulus der Grosse (65) Irrungen – Wirrungen (66) Grosse Liebe (66) Rasputin (66) Slatin Pascha (67) Heinrich IV (67) Ein Schloss in Schweden (67) Der Eismann kommt (68)

A special thanks goes to Bertina Schulze-Mittendorff for the handing over of the autograph of  Walter Schulze-Mittendorff.

Addition:
A detailed appreciation of Walter Schulze-Mittendorff's work for the movie "Metropolis" can be found on the page from Kropserkel.

The sculptural works of the artist can be examined in a motion picture gallery unter WSMArt.
 
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